Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) can affect your ability to have children. That’s particularly true for women. Left untreated, even an asymptomatic STD can eventually lead to an episode of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) . PID is one of the leading causes of preventable infertility. Women with PID have scarring on their fallopian tubes and other reproductive organs. This makes it difficult for sperm to reach an egg. It can also lead to an ectopic pregnancy. An ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilised egg doesn’t get to the uterus before implantation. An unrecognised ectopic pregnancy can be an emergency situation. Call and book your appointment with Dr. Cahndana who is the best IVF specialist in Hyderabad.
STDs can also cause infertility in men. The process can be similar to how PID damages a woman’s fallopian tubes. The structures of the male reproductive tract, including the epididymis and urethra, can be damaged by infection with untreated STDs. Viral infections and immunodeficiency caused by HIV can also reduce semen quality in men. That makes it harder for them to get their partners pregnant. STD-related infertility is less common in men than in women. However, that is partially due to the fact that STD infections in men are more likely to cause symptoms. As a result, they are more likely to get treated.
Chlamydia causes infertility in what ways? It causes severe inflammation (swelling) of the fallopian tubes. This scarring can subsequently clog the tubes, preventing eggs from reaching the uterus. Because the difficulties begin in the fallopian tubes, this is referred to as tubal infertility. According to research, chlamydia infections are responsible for over half of all cases of tubal infertility in the industrialised world. However, there is conflicting evidence regarding the significance of chlamydia in male infertility.
Gonorrhea, like chlamydia, can cause infertility. While not as common as chlamydia, it is nevertheless the second most common reportable disease Because gonorrhoea can go unnoticed for lengthy periods of time, tubal damage is common. Between 10% and 20% of women with gonorrhoea experience symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease. Gonorrhea infections are likely to account for roughly 20% of PID cases. Gonorrhea has also been linked to sperm health issues in many men. Gonorrhea and chlamydia are the primary causes of avoidable infertility in and around the world.
When women with PID do not have gonorrhoea or chlamydia, they most likely have mycoplasma. It wasn’t until the 1980s that doctors discovered and learned how to detect this bacterium with any regularity. Now that scientists know how to find it, they estimate that it’s even more common than gonorrhea. There is also some evidence that mycoplasma infection may cause male infertility.
There is limited evidence to show that herpes is linked to male infertility. However, there has been relatively little research on the subject so far. According to the research, herpes infection may be linked to a lower sperm count. There is also evidence that the herpes simplex virus may make men’s bodies produce less sperm. Finally, herpes viruses have been discovered inside sperm cells.It is unknown what the presence of herpes inside sperm cells means for generating a viable pregnancy.
HIV can produce biological alterations that impair reproductive organ function and result in infertility. Furthermore, several HIV/AIDS-related comorbidities, such as orchitis, acute epididymitis, and PID, have been linked to infertility. There is also some evidence that HIV, like herpes, can affect sperm health. HIV can also complicate the process of having children or undergoing fertility treatment. This is because, as a sexually transmitted virus detected in sperm, doctors want to ensure that the virus does not spread from one partner to another during insemination. However, there are assisted reproduction alternatives that can make having children while HIV positive considerably safer. HIV illness does not mean you have to give up your ambition of having your own kid.
Some of the complications that occur in ST are sores or bumps on the genitals or in the oral or rectal area, painful or burning urination, discharge from the penis, unusual or odd-smelling vagina discharge, unusual vaginal bleeding, pain during sex, sore, swollen lymph nodes, particularly in the groyne or sometimes more widespread, lower abdominal pain, fever, rash over the trunk, hands, or feet.
Unprotected sex, sexual contact with multiple partners, a history of STDs, forced sexual intercourse or sexual activity, alcohol or recreational drug abuse, injecting drugs, and men taking prescription drugs to treat erectile dysfunction all increase the risk of STDs, which can lead to infertility in couples. Tests, vaccinations, understanding and education about sex, and utilising caution while sex can all aid in prevention.
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are quite frequent. People with STDs frequently have no symptoms. It is to blame for the reproductive organ damage and infertility. Most infertility in females appears to occur in the woman’s tube, which is known as the tubal factor and is a serious public health concern. Schedule your appointment with Dr Chandana who is the infertility doctor in Hyderabad.
Bacterial-caused sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are often easier to treat. Viral infections can be treated, although they are not always cured. If you are pregnant and have a STI, taking treatment as soon as possible will help you avoid or lessen the chance of your baby being infected.
Depending on the illness, STI treatment usually consists of one of the following:
Antibiotics. Many sexually transmitted bacterial and parasite illnesses, such as gonorrhoea, syphilis, chlamydia, and trichomoniasis, can be cured with antibiotics, typically in a single dose. Because the two illnesses frequently coexist, you will most likely be treated for both gonorrhoea and chlamydia at the same time.
Once you begin antibiotic treatment, you must complete it. Tell your doctor if you don’t think you’ll be able to take your medication as advised. There may be a shorter, simpler course of treatment available.
Furthermore, you should avoid intercourse for seven days after you’ve finished your antibiotic therapy and any sores have healed. Experts also recommend that women be retested in three months because there is a high risk of reinfection.
Antiviral medications. If you have herpes or HIV, you will be given antiviral medication. You will have fewer herpes recurrences if you combine suppressive therapy with a prescription antiviral medicine on a daily basis. It is still possible to infect your partner with herpes.
Antiviral medications can keep HIV infection at bay for many years. However, you will still carry the virus and be able to spread it, albeit at a lesser risk.
The earlier you begin treatment, the more effective it will be. If you take your drugs exactly as prescribed, you may be able to reduce your virus level to the point where it cannot be identified. For infertility treatment book your appointment with Dr. Chandana Lakkireddi who is an IVF specialist in Hyderabad.